It was the base of enterprises such as Bond Clothing Stores, Fashion Park Clothes, Hickey Freeman, and Stein-Bloch & Co.
The carriage maker James Cunningham and Sons founded a pioneer automobile company – Cunningham.
Douglass, a former slave and an antislavery speaker and writer, gained a circulation of over 4,000 readers in the United States, Europe and the Caribbean.
They would be the dominant cultural group in Rochester for over a century. Beginning in 1811, and with a population of 15, the three founders surveyed the land and laid out streets and tracts.
In 1817, the Brown brothers and other landowners joined their lands with the Hundred Acre Tract to form the village of Rochesterville.
Anthony Amendment because of her decades of work toward its passage, which she did not live to see.
At the end of the 19th century, anarchist Emma Goldman lived and worked in Rochester for several years, where she championed the cause of labor in Rochester sweatshops.
Rochester was also home to significant unrest in labor, race, and antiwar protests.
After the Civil War, Rochester had an expansion of new industries in the late 19th century, founded by migrants to the city, such as inventor and entrepreneur George Eastman, who founded Eastman Kodak; and German immigrants John Jacob Bausch and Henry Lomb, who combined technical and financial expertise to launch Bausch & Lomb in 1861.
By 1821, Rochesterville was the seat of Monroe County.
In 1823, Rochesterville consisted of 1,012 acres (4 km) and 2,500 residents, and the Village of Rochesterville became known as Rochester.
The Douglass home burnt down in 1872, but a marker for it can be found in Highland Park off South Avenue. Anthony, a national leader of the women's suffrage movement, was from Rochester.